Three consecutive weeks in China to stop exports to Japan rise to U.S. and Japanese Rare discontent. There are reports that U.S. and Japanese trade officials are considering the issue on the earth a complaint to the WTO. At the same time, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said Europe must act on the expansion of China’s resources to respond.
“The New York Times” reported on October 14, back in a few months ago, Obama called the government had secretly use the rare earth industry executives and lawyers met to discuss the problem of the earth. Many U.S. companies to China since 2006, reduced the volume of exports of rare earth resources, expressed dissatisfaction, saying that China’s restrictions on the export of rare earth makes the Chinese manufacturers benefit, so that foreign competitors in a disadvantageous position. Japanese officials also said that if China’s rare earth export to Japan is not restored, they will “appeal to the WTO.”
U.S. Trade Representative’s Office in reply to the Voice of America on the issue whether the United States will appeal WTO rare earth, said the e-mail, declined to comment on the matter.
Japan’s trade minister, said Akihiro Ohata10 12 months, China’s exports to the situation of rare earth minerals have not yet returned to normal. He said that if the end of this week, the problem does not improve, Japan will take measures, including direct negotiations with China. Chapter Ota Wang did not mention complaints to the WTO matters.
“The New York Times” quoted the analysis of trade lawyers said, because China does not adopt any formal document and public statement to prohibit the export, even Anzai appeal to the WTO, to win the victory of prosecution is not an easy task.
Washington think tank, AEI Japan expert Michael Auslin said in an interview with VOA, the WTO complaint was not the best way to deal with the embargo.
Oslin: “My view is, WTO whole process is very slow, even if the problem is concerned, this is a lengthy process. We are talking about easing the embargo or export operation, which will certainly affect the production . through the WTO process, will not immediately find a solution, or even can not clarify the issue. ”
He believes that China stopped exporting to Japan is actually the rare earth resources as a weapon, so Japan should take the same approach, by diplomatic means or economic sanctions to counter the problem.
However, the World Trade Organization on the practice of Chinese restrictions on the export of rare earth raised criticism in June, the WTO said in an assessment report, “Whether intentionally or not, for whatever reason, export restrictions will reduce the limit of the product exports, while the supply to domestic market. ”
Although the government’s attitude is not clear, however, an industry group has asked the U.S. government will control the earth’s practice in China to the WTO ruling. United Steelworkers of America early in September to submit petitions to the U.S. trade office, said China’s clean energy policies and practices have made the United States of alternative energy and renewable energy by vast development space “threat.”
The association referred to in the complaint is an argument, clean energy industries of solar panels, wind turbines, highly efficient battery, high efficiency lighting and other production rely on a large number of rare earth elements, rare earth in China as a big country and has adopted various export control measures, that rare earth export quotas in 2010 reduced by half over the previous year. Which pushed up international prices of raw materials to make a serious lack of foreign production.
Obama will be Oct. 24 to rule on whether further action, if it decides to accept, then may be a year-long investigation, during which you may consult with the Chinese Government.
Oslin said the American Enterprise Institute, China suspended exports to Japan is a resource bullying behavior of rare earth, and Russia cut off gas supplies to Ukraine is exactly the same. U.S., Europe and Japan should join forces in this incident, on, given the common signal to the Chinese.
Oslin: “Whether it is open or de facto embargo on China will dispute (Japan detained skipper events) expansion in retaliation for Japan. Industrialized countries should consider how they respond. In my view, the early response to strong is necessary. ”
It appears that German Chancellor Angela Merkel was to do so. Bloomberg reports, Merkel called on European resources must be the expansion of China’s actions in response.
Merkel on Wednesday called for coordinated action in Europe, Eastern Europe and Central Asia to increase investment in order to jointly deal with China’s economic growth is essential to control resources. Europe, an industry group said that the Chinese use the financial crisis in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, extending their reach to markets in these countries, the resources and rare minerals.
China Rare Earth to the Japanese embargo on news of an alarm in Western countries, the United States consider re-open the rare earth mine, Japan, Australia and other countries to seek new deposits, it is also claimed to be the development of new technologies, from electronics recycling waste earth, the earth into a recycling center in Japan.