In order to continuously improve the SCO Member States counter-terrorism capabilities, June 13 game codenamed “卡兹古尔特 – terrorism -2013,” the SCO joint anti-terror exercise held in Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan is the code name “卡兹古尔特 – terrorism -2013″ joint anti-terror exercises the host country, from the SCO member states security and intelligence sector representatives to participate in the exercise. Exercises focused on training in crowded places destroy terrorist groups to stop terrorist acts and hostage rescue and other subjects. Within the framework of the SCO since the first joint exercise was held in October 2002, has passed through a number of joint military exercises, the SCO military exercises even from the initial scale-scale development of tactical operations to set strategic consultation exercise, Battle of the preparation and implementation as one of the joint and combined arms combat exercise.
Active again terrorism in Central Asia
At the SCO military exercises held a few days ago, the security situation in Afghanistan has triggered concern. Kabul city center on the 11th suicide car bombings killed 17 people 39 people were injured. This bombings since December 6, 2011 in Afghanistan’s causing 80 deaths since the suicide attacks, the most deadly attack together.
Terrorism, separatism, extremism three forces have been entrenched in the Central Asian region has become the regional peace, security and stability of the important threats. China Institute of International Studies Shanghai Cooperation Organization Research Director Chen Yurong that the U.S. and NATO troops from Afghanistan in 2014, the Central Asian ethnic and inter-religious conflicts may intensify, which means that the SCO member states risk increased dramatically.
Chen Yurong said that the establishment of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization when he established an important purpose, and that is the fight against the three forces. SCO was first established, the security situation in Central Asia has been very severe. U.S. and NATO forces will withdraw from Afghanistan in 2014, in the context of this withdrawal, the three forces again become more active in Central Asia, South Asia, Afghanistan, terrorist attacks and extreme events. Therefore, the joint military exercises but also highlights the SCO in maintaining regional stability in Central Asia’s role. Three forces in order to curb the spread of terrorism in particular, it is necessary to hold a joint anti-terrorism military exercise through, the SCO member states to strengthen the close cooperation between departments.
Exercise “audible, visible”
According to reports, the exercise in the state capital of South Kazakhstan Jim Kent near Aktas range, simulating the terrorists infiltrated by helicopter and car Kazakhstan, near the border of a village in Kazakhstan hostage and trying to make terrorist activities. SCO anti-terrorism agency through the air and ground operations to destroy terrorist groups and rescue the hostages. Utilisation of the National Security Committee of Kazakhstan Ministry of Interior special forces and air defense forces and other Department of Defense, the formation of combined arms combat mode.
After several joint military exercises, the SCO military exercises scale from the initial development of company-sized tactical operations to joint and combined arms combat exercise. In this regard, National Defense University professor Vang Pao to pay that, in recent years the SCO anti-terrorism exercises showing close combat, a deeper level of cooperation features. For now the form of terrorism, according to specific circumstances, such as in crowded commercial center of the city or for specific situations such as counter-terrorism exercises, exercises with combat is growing closer and closer to reality, the three forces against terrorists targeted and frighten getting stronger.
“This joint military exercise undertaken by the Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan bilateral co, it should be noted that the three Central Asian countries in the impact of the new regional security situation, through joint military exercises on the three forces, preventive actions to enhance the three military information exchange, collaboration capabilities, is responding to and combating the three forces carried out the necessary cooperation. “Chen Yurong said.
“The SCO in maintaining regional stability in Central Asia, Central Asian countries, development environment has played a unique role.” Chen Yurong that if SCO does not exist, the security situation in Central Asia unimaginable. In order to strengthen counter-terrorism cooperation, the SCO joint military exercises in the form of more value, due to the form of “hear”, “visible”, the momentum created by relatively large, three forces on the regional, transnational criminals can sabotage play a strong role of containment and deterrence.